CZECH REPUBLIC



Czech Republic

Ceskaá Republika

CAPITAL : Prague (Praha)

FLAG : The national flag consists of a white stripe over a red stripe, with a blue triangle extending from hoist to midpoint.

ANTHEM : Kde domov muj (Where Is My Native Land).

MONETARY UNIT : The koruna (K C ) is a paper currency of 100 haléru, which replaced the Czechoslovak koruna (K CS ) on 8 February 1993. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 50 heller and of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 koruny, and notes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, and 5,000 koruny. K C 1 = $0.03401 (or $1 = Kc 29.4) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Labor Day, 1 May; Anniversary of Liberation, 9 May; Day of the Apostles, St. Cyril and St. Methodius, 6 July; Christmas, 25 December; St. Stephen's Day, 26 December. Easter Monday is a movable holiday.

TIME : 1 PM = noon GMT.


TOPOGRAPHY

The topography of the Czech Republic consists of two main regions. Bohemia in the west is comprised of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains. Moravia in the east is very hilly.

ETHNIC GROUPS

Between 1945 and 1948, the deportation of the Sudeten Germans altered the ethnic structure of the Czech lands. Since the late 1940s, most of the remaining Germans have either assimilated or emigrated to the West. In 1998, Czechs constituted 94.4% of the total population; Slovaks made up 3%; Poles accounted for 0.6%; Germans for 0.5%; Gypsies for 0.3%; Hungarians for 0.2%; and others for 1%.

FISHING

Fishing is a relatively unimportant source of domestic food supply. Production is derived mostly from pond cultivation and, to a lesser extent, from rivers. The total catch in 2000 was 4,654 tons, all from inland waters.

DEPENDENCIES

The Czech Republic has no territories or colonies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bradley, J. F. N. Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution: A Political Analysis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992.

——. Politics in Czechoslovakia, 1945–1990. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Burton, Richard D. E. Prague: A Cultural and Literary History. New York: Interlink Books, 2003.

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Human Rights and Democratization in the Czech Republic. Washington, D.C.: The Commission, 1994.

Cottey, Andrew. East-Central Europe After the Cold War: Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary in Search of Security. Houndmills, England: Macmillan Press, 1995.

Czechoslovakia: Industrial Transformation and Regeneration. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1992.

The Czech Republic and Economic Transition in Eastern Europe. San Diego: Academic Press, 1995.

Dedek, Oldrich. The Break-Up of Czechoslovakia: An In-Depth Economic Analysis. Aldershot, England, 1996.

Holy, Ladislav. The Little Czech and the Great Czech Nation: National Identity and the Post-Communist Transformation of Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Hoshi, Iraj, Ewa Balcerowicz, Leszek Balcerowicz, edc. Barriers to Entry and Growth of New Firms in Early Transition: A Comparative Study of Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Albania, and Lithuania. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003.

Human Rights in Eastern Europe. Aldershot, England: E. Elgar, 1995.

International Smoking Statistics: A Collection of Historical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Kriseova, Eda. Vaclav Havel: the Authorized Biography. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993.

Leff, Carol Skalnik. The Czech and Slovak Republics: Nation Versus State. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1997.

MacDonald, C. A. Prague in the Shadow of the Swastika: A History of the German Occupation, 1939-1945. London: Quartet Books, 1995.

Magocsi, Paul R. The Rusyns of Slovakia: An Historical Survey. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

McElrath, Karen (ed.). HIV and AIDS: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development. Czech Republic. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 1996.

——. Industry in the Czech and Slovak Republics. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 1994.

——. Regional Problems and Policies in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, 1996.

Pynsent, R. B. Questions of Identity: Czech and Slovak Ideas of Nationality and Personality. Budapest: Central European University Press, 1994.

Reuvid, Jonathan, eds. Doing Business with the Czech Republic. London: Kogan Page, 2002.

Shawcross, William. Dubcek. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990.

——. Dubcek: Dubcek and Czechoslovakia, 1968–1990. London: Hogarth, 1990.

Skilling, H. Gordon, and Paul Wilson (eds.). Civic Freedom in Central Europe: Voices from Czechoslovakia. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1991.

Valenta, Jiri. Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia, 1968. Rev. ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.

Also read article about Czech Republic from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

1
Flan
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jan 6, 2010 @ 8:20 pm
Could you please put some more information on the culture? It would be appreciated.
2
(R)adim
Report this comment as inappropriate
Feb 22, 2011 @ 10:10 am
In Czech republic there don't use haller since 1998. Now, you can use for pay just koruna.
3
Jan Blanick√Ĺ
Report this comment as inappropriate
Jun 15, 2017 @ 1:13 pm
Call our country Czechia, please. Since July 5, 2016, Czechia has been the official name of the country being included in the UN List of World Geographical Names (UNGEGN) & the United Nations Terminology Database (UNTERM). ‚ÄčThe name is codified by ISO 3166 Standards Our country has more than 1200 years old history and only very small part of it is the history of republican system. Leave that cold and clumsy formal name Czech Republic for politics. Czechia is a geographical name, which is independent on time and state-political changes in the country, thus, it can be used for our country both in historical and contemporary context.

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA