Kingdom of Thailand

Prates Thai

CAPITAL : Bangkok (Krung Thep)

FLAG : The national flag, adopted in 1917, consists of five horizontal stripes. The outermost are red (symbolizing the Thai people); those adjacent are white (symbolizing Buddhism); the blue center stripe (representing the monarchy) is twice as high as each of the other four.

ANTHEM : There are three national anthems: Pleng Sansen Phra Barami (Anthem Eulogizing His Majesty); Pleng Chard Thai (Thai National Anthem); and Pleng Maha Chati (Anthem of Great Victory), an instrumental composition.

MONETARY UNIT : The baht ( B ) is divided into 100 satang. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 stangs and 1, 5, and 10 baht, and notes of 50 satang and 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 60, 100, and 500 baht. B 1 = $0.0235 (or $1 = B 42.58) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard, but some traditional units also are used.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Chakkri Day, 6 April; Songkran Day, mid-April; Coronation Day, 5 May; Queen's Birthday, 12 August; Chulalongkorn Day, 23 October; King's Birthday, 5 December; Constitution Day, 10 December. Movable holidays include Makabuja Day, Plowing Festival, and Visakabuja Day.

TIME : 7 PM = noon GMT.


Thailand has no territories or colonies.


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Bowring, Sir John. The Kingdom and People of Siam. London: Parker, 1857.

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Keyes, Charles F. Thailand; Buddhist Kingdom as Modern Nation-State. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1987.

Koeberle, Stefan and Johanna Witte. (eds.) Building Thailand's Competitiveness: The Road to Economic Recovery. Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 1998.

Kulick, Elliott. Thailand's Turn: Profile of a New Dragon. New York: St. Martin's, 1992.

LePoer, Barbara Leitch (ed.). Thailand, A Country Study. 6th ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1989.

Mulder, Niels. Inside Thai Society: An Interpretation of Everyday Life . 5th ed. Amsterdam: Pepin, 1996.

Muscat, Robert J. Thailand and the United States: Development, Security, and Foreign Aid. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.

——. The Fifth Tiger: A Study of Thai Development Policy. Helsinki: United Nations University Press, 1994.

Stowe, Judith A. Siam becomes Thailand: A Story of Intrigue. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1991.

Summers, Randal W., and Allan M. Hoffman (ed.). Domestic Violence: A Global View. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2002.

Trerwiel, B. J. A History of Modern Thailand, 1767–1942. St. Lucia: Queensland University Press, 1983.

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Xuto, Somsakdi (ed.). Government and Politics of Thailand. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Also read article about Thailand from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

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