Republic of China
Chung Hwa Min Kuo
CAPITAL : T'aipei
FLAG : The flag is red with a 12-pointed white sun on the blue upper left quadrant. The 12 points of the sun represent the 12 two-hour periods of the day in Chinese tradition, and symbolize progress. The colors red, white, and blue represent the Three Principles of the people (San Min Chu I) of Sun Yat-sen, father of the Republic of China, and symbolize the spirit of liberty, fraternity, and equality.
ANTHEM : Chung Hwa Min Kuo Kuo Ke (Chinese National Anthem).
MONETARY UNIT : The new Taiwan dollar ( NT $) is a paper currency of 100 cents. There are coins of 50 cents and 1, 5, and 10 dollars, and notes of 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 new Taiwan dollars. NT $1 = US $0.0289 (or US $1 = NT $34.60) as of 2002.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is employed in government and industrial statistics. Commonly used standards of weights and measures are the catty (1.1 lb or 0.4989 kilograms), the li (0.5 kilometers or 0.31 miles), the ch'ih (0.33 meters or 1.09 feet), and the chia (0.97 hectare or 2.39 acres).
HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day and the Founding of the Republic of China (1912), 1 January; Youth Day (formerly known as Martyrs' Day), 29 March; Tomb-Sweeping Day and Anniversary of the Death of Chiang Kai-shek, 5 April; Birthday of Confucius and Teachers' Day, 28 September; National Day (Double Tenth Day), 10 October; Taiwan Retrocession Day, 25 October; Chiang Kai-shek's Birthday, 31 October; Sun Yat-sen's Birthday, 12 November; Constitution Day, 25 December.
TIME : 8 PM = noon GMT.
Taiwan has no territories or colonies.
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