TAIWAN



Republic of China

Chung Hwa Min Kuo

CAPITAL : T'aipei

FLAG : The flag is red with a 12-pointed white sun on the blue upper left quadrant. The 12 points of the sun represent the 12 two-hour periods of the day in Chinese tradition, and symbolize progress. The colors red, white, and blue represent the Three Principles of the people (San Min Chu I) of Sun Yat-sen, father of the Republic of China, and symbolize the spirit of liberty, fraternity, and equality.

ANTHEM : Chung Hwa Min Kuo Kuo Ke (Chinese National Anthem).

MONETARY UNIT : The new Taiwan dollar ( NT $) is a paper currency of 100 cents. There are coins of 50 cents and 1, 5, and 10 dollars, and notes of 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 new Taiwan dollars. NT $1 = US $0.0289 (or US $1 = NT $34.60) as of 2002.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is employed in government and industrial statistics. Commonly used standards of weights and measures are the catty (1.1 lb or 0.4989 kilograms), the li (0.5 kilometers or 0.31 miles), the ch'ih (0.33 meters or 1.09 feet), and the chia (0.97 hectare or 2.39 acres).

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day and the Founding of the Republic of China (1912), 1 January; Youth Day (formerly known as Martyrs' Day), 29 March; Tomb-Sweeping Day and Anniversary of the Death of Chiang Kai-shek, 5 April; Birthday of Confucius and Teachers' Day, 28 September; National Day (Double Tenth Day), 10 October; Taiwan Retrocession Day, 25 October; Chiang Kai-shek's Birthday, 31 October; Sun Yat-sen's Birthday, 12 November; Constitution Day, 25 December.

TIME : 8 PM = noon GMT.


DEPENDENCIES

Taiwan has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Taiwan.

Read about the Geography of Taiwan.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ahern, Emily. The Anthropology of Taiwanese Society. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1981.

Aspalter, Christian. Conservative Welfare State Systems in East Asia. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2001.

Copper, John F. Historical Dictionary of Taiwan (Republic of China). 2d ed. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2000.

Goddard, William G. Formosa: A Study in Chinese History. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1966.

Hood, Steven J. The Kuomintang and the Democratization of Taiwan. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1997.

Hsiung, Ping-Chun. Living Rooms as Factories: Class, Gender, and the Satellite Factory System in Taiwan. Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press, 1996.

Hsueh, Chi. The Foreign Factor: The Multinational Corporation's Contribution to the Economic Modernization of the Republic of China. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1990.

Kemenade, Willem van. (Diane Webb, trans.) China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Inc.: The Dynamics to a New Empire. New York: Vintage Books, 1998.

Li, Kuo-ting. The Evolution of Policy Behind Taiwan's Development Success. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1988.

Lin, Zhiling and Thomas W. Robinson (eds.). The Chinese and their Future: Beijing, Taipei, and Hong Kong. Washington, D.C.: AEI Press, 1994.

Long, Simon. Taiwan: China's Last Frontier. New York: St. Martin's, 1990.

Marsh, Robert. The Great Transformation: Social Change in Taipei, Taiwan Since the 1960s. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1996.

Metraux, Daniel Alfred. Taiwan's Political and Economic Growth in the Late Twentieth Century. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 1991.

Shepherd, John Robert. Statecraft and Political Economy on the Taiwan Frontier, 1600–1800. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1993.

Tien, Hung-mao. The Great Transition: Political and Social Change in the Republic of China. Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, Stanford University, 1989.

Wang, Huei-Huang. Technology, Economic Security, State, and the Political Economy of Economic Networks: a Historical and Comparative Research on the Evolution of Economic Networks in Taiwan and Japan. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1998.

Yu, Bin. Dynamics and Dilemma: Mainland, Taiwan and Hong Kong in a Changing World. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 1996.

User Contributions:

Chris
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