SRI LANKA



Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya

CAPITAL : Colombo

FLAG : The national flag contains, at the hoist, vertical stripes of green and saffron (orange-yellow) and, to the right, a maroon rectangle with yellow bo leaves in the corners and a yellow lion symbol in the center. The entire flag is bordered in yellow, and a narrow yellow vertical area separates the saffron stripe from the dark maroon rectangle.

ANTHEM : Sri Lanka Matha (Mother Sri Lanka).

MONETARY UNIT : The Sri Lanka rupee ( R ) of 100 cents is a paper currency with one official rate. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents and 1 and 2 rupees, and notes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 rupees. R 1 = $0.0103 (or $1 = R 96.34; as of April 2003).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the national standard, but British weights and measures and some local units also are used.

HOLIDAYS : Independence Commemoration Day, 4 February; May Day, 1 May; National Heroes Day, 22 May; Bank Holiday, 30 June; Christmas Day, 25 December; Bank Holiday, 31 December. Movable holidays include Maha Sivarathri Day, Milad-an-Nabi, Good Friday, 'Id al-Fitr, Dewali, and 'Id al'Adha'; in addition, the day of the rise of the full moon of every month of the Buddhist calendar, called a Poya day, is a public holiday.

TIME : 5:30 PM = noon GMT.


FISHING

Fishing produces less than the country's needs and yields a meager income to fishermen, most of whom use primitive boats and gear in the shallow waters surrounding the island. In 2000, the total fish catch was estimated at 300,316 tons, up from 165,397 tons in 1990. Exports of fish products were valued at nearly $134.5 million in 2000.

FORESTRY

About 30% of the total land area consists of forests. In 2000, 6,543,000 cu m (231 million cu ft) of roundwood were cut. Forestry products included 5,000 cu m (176,500 cu ft) of sawn timber and 5,907,000 cu m (208.5 million cu ft) of firewood for domestic use.

DEPENDENCIES

Sri Lanka has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Sri Lanka. More about Sri Lanka's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Sri Lanka.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bruton, Henry J. Sri Lanka and Malaysia. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

De Silva, Chandra Richard. Sri Lanka, a History. New Delhi: Vikas, 1987.

Dissanayaka, T. D. S. A. The Politics of Sri Lanka . Colombo, Sri Lanka: Swastikha (Private) Ltd., 1994.

Fernando, Tissa, and Robert N. Kearney. Sri Lanka: Profile of an Island Republic. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1986.

Juppe, James. Sri Lanka: Third World Democracy. London: Cass, 1978.

Kanesalingam, V. Economic Liberalisation in Sri Lanka . Colombo, Sri Lanka: Friederich Ebert Stiftung, 1995.

Kemper, Steven. The Presence of the Past: Chronicles, Politics, and Culture in Sinhala Life. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Manor, James (ed.). Sri Lanka in Change and Crisis. New York: St. Martin's, 1984.

Orizio, Riccardo. Lost White Tribes: The End of Privilege and the Last Colonials in Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Brazil, Haiti, Namibia, and Guadeloupe. New York: Free Press, 2001.

Peebles, Patrick. Sri Lanka: A Handbook of Historical Statistics. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1982.

Ross, Russell R. and Andrea Matles Savada (eds.). Sri Lanka, a Country Study. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1990.

Samaraweera, Vijaya. Sri Lanka. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Clio Press, 1987.

Spencer, Jonathan (ed.). Sri Lanka: History and the Roots of Conflict. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Sri Lanka: State of Human Rights, 1994 . Colombo, Sri Lanka: Law and Society Trust, 1995.

Wilson, A. Jeyaratnam. The Break-up of Sri Lanka: The Sinhalese-Tamil Conflict. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1988.

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