NEPAL



Kingdom of Nepal

Nepal Adhirajya

CAPITAL : Ka¯thmāndu

FLAG : The national flag consists of two red adjoining triangles, outlined in blue and merging at the center; the points are at the fly. On the upper triangle, in white, is a symbolic representation of the moon; on the lower triangle, that of the sun.

ANTHEM : The national anthem begins "May His Majesty, solemn and supremely valiant, be prosperous forever."

MONETARY UNIT : The Nepalese rupee ( NR ) is a paper currency of 100 paisa. There are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, and 50 paisa and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, and 100 rupees, and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 Nepalese rupees. NR 1 = $0.01294 (or $1 = NR 77.25).

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is in use, but some traditional Indian standards also are employed.

HOLIDAYS : National Unity Day, 11 January; Martyrs' Day, 30 January; Rashtriya Prajatantra Divas— National Democracy Day, 18 February; Nepalese Women's Day, 8 March; Navabarsha—Nepalese New Year's Day, mid-April; UN Day, 24 October; Queen Aishworya's Birthday, 7 November; Constitution Day, 9 November; National Day (King Birendra's Birthday), 28 December. Hindu and Buddhist religious holidays are based on the lunisolar calendar. Saturday is the general day of rest.

TIME : 5:45 PM = noon GMT.


FISHING

The commercial fish catch amounted to 16,700 tons in 2000 (up from 5,281 tons in 1991). In the Terai are many small fish ponds and several government fish farms. Common fish species are carp, gar, and murrel.

DEPENDENCIES

Nepal has no territories or colonies.

Read about the Culture of Nepal. More about Nepal's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Nepal.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Dastider, Mollica. Religious Minorities in Nepal: An Analysis of the State of Buddhists and Muslims in the Himalayan Kingdom. New Delhi, India: Nirala Publication, 1995.

Fisher, James F. Sherpas: Reflections on Change in Himalayan Nepal. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Gellner, David N., et al. (eds.) Nationalism and Ethnicity in a Hindu Kingdom: The Politics of Culture in Contemporary Nepal. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Harwood, 1997.

Landon, Perceval. Nepal. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1993.

Maskey, Govinda. Social Life in Nepal: From Tradition to Modernity (1901–1925). New Delhi, India: Anmol Publications, 1996.

Pradhan, Kumar. The Gorkha Conquests: The Process and Consequences of the Unification of Nepal, with Particular Reference to Eastern Nepal. Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Savada, Andrea Matles (ed.). Nepal and Bhutan: Country Studies. 3rd ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1993.

Sever, Adrian. Aspects of Modern Nepalese History. New Delhi, India: Vikas Publishing House, 1996.

Shaha, Rishikesh. Modern Nepal: A Political History, 1769– 1955. Riverdale, Md.: Riverdale Co., 1990.

Shrestha, Nanda R. In the Name of Development: A Reflection on Nepal. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1997.

Shrestha, Nanda R. Nepal and Bangladesh: A Global Studies Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2002.

Shrivastava, L.P.S. Nepal at the Crossroads. New Delhi, India: Allied Publishers, 1996.

Thapa, Asoke K. Bramu: A People in Transistion. Ka¯thmāndu, Nepal: Walden Book House, 1996.

Thapa, N. B. and D. P. Geography of Nepal. Columbia, Mo.: South Asia Books, 1981.

Watkins, Joanne C. Spirited Women: Gender, Religion, and Cultural Identity in the Nepal Himalaya. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Whelpton, John. Nepal. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Clio, 1990.

Zivetz, Laurie. Private Enterprise and the State in Modern Nepal. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.

User Contributions:

Report this comment as inappropriate
Apr 13, 2010 @ 4:04 am
as a developing nation and facing so many political and economic problems, it is a good thing to publicize social issues in various links and media to update people about national and international affairs. as nepal is going through various socio-economic problems necessary steps should be taken conciously to alleviate poverty and the living standards of people in urban and rural areas.

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:

CAPTCHA


Nepal forum