Japan - Agriculture



Japan Agriculture 1147
Photo by: JayDee

Crop production is vital to Japan despite limited arable land (13% of the total area) and the highest degree of industrialization in Asia. Steep land (more than 20°) has been terraced for rice and other crops, carrying cultivation in tiny patches far up mountainsides. With the aid of a temperate climate, adequate rainfall, soil fertility built up and maintained over centuries, and such a large farm population that the average farm has an area of only 1.2 ha (3 acres), Japan has been able to develop intensive cultivation. Agriculture exists in every part of Japan, but is especially important on the northern island of Hokkaido, which accounts for 10% of national production. Since World War II (1939–45), modern methods, including commercial fertilizers, insecticides, hybrid seeds, and machinery, have been used so effectively that harvests increased substantially through the 1970s. Japan is the second-largest agricultural product importer in the world (after the US), with total agricultural product imports of $34.6 billion in 2001. At $32.1 billion, Japan had the largest agricultural trade deficit in the world that year.

Almost all soybeans and feedstuffs and most of the nation's wheat are imported. In 1999, Japan produced 11.5 million tons of rice, the chief crop. In that year, rice accounted for about 93% of all cereal production. About 39% of all arable land is devoted to rice cultivation. Overproduction of rice, as a result of overplanting and a shift to other foods by the Japanese people, led the government in 1987 to adopt a policy of decreasing rice planting and increasing the acreage of other farm products. For many years the government restricted imports of cheaper foreign rice, but in 1995 the rice market was opened to imports, as the government implemented the Uruguay Round agreement on agriculture. Other important crops and their annual production in 1999 (in thousands of tons) include potatoes, 3,400; sugar beets, 3,803; mandarin oranges, 1,360; cabbage, 2,400; wheat, 583; barley, 205; soybeans, 187; tobacco, 64; and tea, 91.

As a result of the US-occupation land reform, which began in late 1946, nearly two-thirds of all farmland was purchased by the Japanese government at low prewar prices and resold to cultivators on easy terms. By the 1980s, nearly all farms were owner-operated, as compared with 23% before reform. A more telling trend in recent years has been the sharp growth in part-time farm households. Farmers are aging, and 77% of farm income is derived from other sources, such as industrial jobs. Although agriculture accounts for only 2% of GDP, about 10% of the population lives on farms. Despite increasing urbanization, 59% of all farms still cultivated less thanoneha (2.7 acres) in 1999. As a result, Japanese agriculture intensively utilizes both labor and machinery for production. In 1998, Japan had 2,210,000 tractors and 1,208,000 combines.

User Contributions:

Bekah Gregory
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Dec 9, 2008 @ 9:21 pm
Thank u soo much! This website made my Ag 101 paper soo much easier!!

-Bekah the Awesomeness!
Tamara Johnson
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Apr 15, 2009 @ 6:18 pm
Also a huge asset to me as I prepared my Geography presentation.

Many thanks,
~tam
abraham
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May 10, 2009 @ 1:13 pm
Yooo thank you soooo much this helped alot! I got a 100 on my project!
Juliet C
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May 27, 2009 @ 4:04 am
Thanx a lot. Awesome website. I couldn't find any information before but this was really helpful.
dayanidhi
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Jul 9, 2009 @ 12:00 am
very nice to giving more importants for agriculture
Itoshii Hakkyou
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Sep 17, 2009 @ 2:14 pm
Thanks! This helped me out quite a bit. Especially since I was procrastinating until my project was due the next day... >.>

-Lovely Insanity
yuki
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Nov 30, 2009 @ 8:20 pm
this really helped alot in my project hope you put more so i can read for fun.
LAUREN
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Dec 11, 2009 @ 7:07 am
this website was a huge help for my Ag class!! thanks alot people :)
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Oct 4, 2010 @ 1:01 am
YEA I GOT A KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JAPAN'S AGRICULTURE.I AM VERY MUCH PROUD FOR THAT.
Logan
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Dec 6, 2010 @ 8:20 pm
Thanks helped a lot on my CBA for agriculture on China and Japan
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Feb 15, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
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Feb 17, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
i didn't get all of the information i needed but it was still a big help!
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Feb 24, 2011 @ 5:17 pm
Wow this is gr8 .. im from Bosnia and i understand it all .. finally some good web about Japan .. i hope ill get 5 in a school :)
Julie
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Mar 24, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
This is great! it gave me some information i needed but not all.
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Apr 15, 2011 @ 10:10 am
thanks a lot i got an A on my geography assignment because of this website! :D
Abby
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Apr 28, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
Thnx a lot.now im sure to get a 100% on my country report.Japan is awsome i wanna go there some day
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May 16, 2011 @ 10:10 am
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Rachel
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Sep 21, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
thank you very much. this information help me finish my essay on japan
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Oct 5, 2011 @ 4:04 am
THIS ARTICL HELPS ME TO UNDERSTAND ABOUT AGRICUJTERAL REGION OF JAPAN SO THANKS VERY MUCH
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Oct 13, 2011 @ 7:07 am
thanx a lot it gave me all information
Japan rocks
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Oct 29, 2011 @ 8:08 am
Thanks a lot for that information...it can help...more power...
sara
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Nov 6, 2011 @ 3:15 pm
thank you so much! this helped a lot with a project i'm doing for geography on japan.
maazen
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Dec 20, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
nice thnxx!!helped me a lot got good marks!1 keep up the good work.:)
eko iswantoro
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Jan 4, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
thank you very much, it has given me more information about japan agriculture and the product consumption.
May
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Jan 13, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks so much this bit of info helped me find the rest of what I needed on Japanese agriculture for my Geography project ! Thank you!!!
alexa
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Feb 23, 2012 @ 7:07 am
this helped my japan report a lot i couldn't find this info anywhere else.
kameron
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Mar 2, 2012 @ 2:14 pm
this is a really sweet site got all the info i need for my paper thanks
Matt Burns
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Mar 29, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
Thanks for this awsome article! It made my speech on japan so much easier!
SARAH
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May 31, 2012 @ 4:04 am
thanks, I got top marks because of the amount of info you give me!
K.M.BADRUL HAQUE
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Jun 13, 2012 @ 12:12 pm
YEA I GOT A KNOWLEDGE ABOUT JAPAN'S AGRICULTURE.I AM VERY MUCH PROUD FOR THAT

K.M.BADRUL HAQUE
BANGLADESH
umesh subba
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Oct 20, 2012 @ 4:04 am
I BECAME VERY GLAD FOR GETTING AN OPPERTUNITY TO READ ABOUT YOUR AGRICULTURE FACTS AND HELP ME TO GAIN KNOWLEDGE ABOUT IT...
kunj
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Nov 27, 2012 @ 4:04 am
you have given main information superb well done and thank you very much. may god bles you
Gauri R
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Feb 2, 2013 @ 3:03 am
This information is really good and in easy language. It helped me a lot in my PPT.
Alex
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Feb 2, 2013 @ 6:18 pm
This website made my AP Human Geography Project easieris and faster ad i didnt have to read as much, which is good because I am lazy
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Feb 12, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
Would have helped but I was kicked out of GIHS before I could finish the assignment! Don't smoke weed, it's stupid!
Jack Sammy
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Feb 23, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
Thanks so much really helped my country report again thanks and great job
stella
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Feb 25, 2013 @ 9:21 pm
wow this hepled me on my assignment!!
never knew this stuff!

big thanks
---anonoymous
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Mar 25, 2013 @ 4:04 am
hi,if you know please let me have some info about"What can be planted in moist temperate climates?"
Pedro Ludwig R. Loyola, III
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Apr 12, 2013 @ 1:01 am
Good day. I am an MPM major in Rural Development student of the Development Academy of the Philippines in Tagaytay, Philippines. I am very much enthusiastic to know more about backyard vegetable growing in your country. In fact, I want this topic to be my Rural Development Action Plan and Project. Thus, I hope you post stories in regard to the said topic. Thank you.
Max Stevens
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Dec 20, 2013 @ 3:15 pm
This helps a lot for my china and japan CBA. THANK YOU!
Eco
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Mar 15, 2014 @ 12:12 pm
this really helped with my japan/italy social studies project. I was procrastinating and couldn't find info anywhere else. thanks!

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