ARGENTINA





Argentina 1937
Photo by: pablo_hernan

Argentine Republic

República Argentina

CAPITAL : Buenos Aires

FLAG : The national flag consists of a white horizontal stripe between two light blue horizontal stripes. Centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face.

ANTHEM : Himno Nacional , beginning "Oíd, mortales, el grito sagrado Libertad" ("Hear, O mortals, the sacred cry of Liberty").

MONETARY UNIT : The peso ( A $) is a paper currency of 100 centavos. There are coins of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 centavos, and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 pesos. The rate of exchange is about A $0.3597= US $1 (or US $1= A $2.78) as of May 2003.

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES : The metric system is the legal standard.

HOLIDAYS : New Year's Day, 1 January; Labor Day, 1 May; Anniversary of the 1810 Revolution, 25 May; Occupation of the Islas Malvinas, 10 June; Flag Day, 20 June; Independence Day, 9 July; Anniversary of San Martín, 17 August; Columbus Day, 12 October; Immaculate Conception, 8 December; Christmas, 25 December. Movable religious holidays include Carnival (two days in February or March) and Good Friday.

TIME : 9 AM = noon GMT.


DEPENDENCIES

Argentina continues to claim the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), held by the UK, and a sector of Antarctica as dependencies.

Read about the Culture of Argentina. More about Argentina's Culture.

Read about the Geography of Argentina.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Corrales, Javier. Presidents Without Parties: The Politics of Economic Reform in Argentina and Venezuela in the 1990s. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002.

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Sawers, Larry. The Other Argentina: The Interior and National Development. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1996.

Shields, Charles J. Argentina. Philadelphia: Mason Crest Publishers, 2003.

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Waisman, Carlos H., and Monica Peralta-Ramos, ed. From Military Rule to Liberal Democracy in Argentina. Boulder, Colo.: Westview, 1986.

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