Ghana - Judicial system



The 1992 constitution established an independent judiciary and a number of autonomous institutions such as the Commission for Human Rights to investigate and take actions to remedy alleged violations of human rights. The new system is based largely on British legal procedures. The new court system consists of two levels: superior courts and lower courts. The superior courts include the Supreme Court, the Appeals Court, the High Court, and regional tribunals. Parliament has the authority to create a system of lower courts. The old public tribunals are being phased out as they clear their dockets.

The 1971 Chieftaincy Act gives the traditional courts powers to mediate local matters. Traditional courts in which village chiefs enforce customary tribal laws in resolving local divorce, child custody, and property disputes continue to operate alongside the new courts.

The constitution provides for an independent judiciary. However, in practice the judiciary is influenced on occasion by the executive branch, and is hampered by a lack of staff and financial resources. The government nominates any number beyond a minimum of 9 members to the Supreme Court, subject to parliament's approval.

Defendants have the right to have a public trial, to be presumed innocent, to have an attorney, and to cross-examine witnesses.

User Contributions:

Salitsi
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Oct 14, 2008 @ 10:10 am
this site will be very appreciable by students if more details can be made on the various definitions of the courts available in Ghana and their functions as well
Mispah
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Sep 7, 2009 @ 10:10 am
The superior courts are mentioned in the article but no lower court is mentioned
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Mar 17, 2010 @ 5:05 am
I want to know if the Judiciary has an organisational culture and how its being interpreted by all stakeholders.
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Apr 13, 2010 @ 5:05 am
how effective are these local courts? are the decision of the chiefs recognised by judges in the constitutionally established courts?
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Aug 25, 2010 @ 6:06 am
I would like to know the structure of the court system in Ghana and their major functions
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Oct 1, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
i would like to know the structure and the composition of the district court of Ghana
Portia
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Dec 12, 2010 @ 3:15 pm
I would like to know the jurisdiction of the district magistrate court in Ghana.
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Feb 11, 2011 @ 8:08 am
why this short information, please if u can give a more comprehensive information about the judicial system i think that will be appreciable
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Apr 1, 2011 @ 12:00 am
please can you kindly give how judicial(court) system is in Ghana is been arrange from the higher courts to the lower courts with their function, jurisdictions and term of services
Nanadwoa
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Apr 12, 2011 @ 5:05 am
I would be pleased if you could give me five different jurisdictions of the lower court.Thank you
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Nov 26, 2011 @ 7:07 am
I would like to the various acts and amendments that have brought out the courts and their jurisdictions
dablah
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Sep 8, 2012 @ 4:04 am
I would like to know the ghana court structure and their composition.
sarkwa
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Oct 24, 2012 @ 2:02 am
I would like to know the basic functions of the district court of Ghana
nicholas
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Dec 4, 2012 @ 5:05 am
What is the jurisdiction of the supreme court in ghana
paul
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Feb 3, 2013 @ 3:03 am
The hierachy of court system in ghana in a tabular form
Bengyamyn
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Feb 24, 2013 @ 8:08 am
what is the hierarchy of the court system in ghana
lydia
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Mar 17, 2013 @ 1:01 am
What are the various functions of the lower court.
William Fiifi Blankson
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Nov 16, 2013 @ 7:07 am
I want to know the structure and the functions among all the courts in Ghana
Kelvin oppong
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Nov 30, 2013 @ 4:16 pm
Please I would appreciate if the composition and jurisdictions of the High court is well explained.. Thanks

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