Ethiopia - Ethnic groups



Ethiopia Ethnic Groups 1226
Photo by: derejeb

Ethiopia is a composite of more than 70 ethnic groups. The Oromo (Galla) group represents approximately 40% of the population and is concentrated primarily in the southern half of the nation. The Amhara and Tigrean groups constitute approximately 32% of the population and have traditionally been dominant politically. The Sidamo of the southern foothills and savanna regions account for 9%, while the Shankella make up about 6% of the population and reside on the western frontier. The Somali (6%) and Afar (4%) inhabit the arid regions of the east and southeast. Nilotic peoples live in the west and southwest along the Sudan border. The Gurage account for 2% of the population; the remaining 1% is made up of other groups. The Falasha (who call themselves Beta Israel, and are popularly known as "black Jews") live in the mountains of Simen; they were reportedly the victims of economic discrimination before the 1974 revolution and of religious and cultural persecution after that time. Some 14,000 were secretly flown to Israel via the Sudan in 1984–85. About 14,000 more were flown out of Addis Ababa in 1991. Another 4,500 are believed to remain. The Beja of the northernmost region, the Agau of the central plateaus, and the Sidamo of the southern foothills and savanna regions are the remnants of the earliest known groups to have occupied Ethiopia.

User Contributions:

Cayton
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Jan 24, 2008 @ 2:14 pm
This article is very helpful and very useful. This is so easy a caveman can do it.
Courtney
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Feb 20, 2008 @ 3:15 pm
See, I am doing this project about Ethiopia and well this site really helped me!! Just want 2 give u props on dat!! -6th Grader
nardos
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Feb 25, 2008 @ 1:13 pm
Thanks a lot for info about my country. It helped me finish my civic assign.
And props on making it short and precise.

See ya!
Alex
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May 7, 2008 @ 11:11 am
Precise and to the point. Thanks for writing this, I have been looking everywhere for ethnic population percentages.
Woot!
Fre
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Jul 20, 2009 @ 2:14 pm
I have a cultural presentation here in USA and this information helped me a lot
bellagirl
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Dec 17, 2009 @ 9:21 pm
I was looking everywhere for ethnic percentages for the ethnic section in my research paper on Ethiopia. This cite just might get me an A in world studies!
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Jul 18, 2010 @ 4:04 am
i got the answer ,that i was looking for .. proud be an Ethiopian and part of one Ethnicity.
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Aug 3, 2010 @ 9:21 pm
Thanks for this information it helped me in my special inquiry Project
AJ
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Mar 14, 2011 @ 2:14 pm
Thank you. This info really helped me with the info I needed to know. Again thank you
fith
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Mar 21, 2011 @ 10:22 pm
It sure can help 6th graders or less. It is the least researched written material I ever seen. Thanks for nothing and putting this much info on nationsencylopedia O_O
Mikael
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Mar 26, 2011 @ 7:07 am
This information is short and so much important .10Q so much
Kelsey
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Jun 1, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
I found this very helpful! I'm only in 6th grade and my really boring social studies teacher asssigned me Ethiopia for my project, when I asked her about the ethnic groups all she said was "look in a book" but there was nothing!! I like how this was short and simple!
pastebet
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Jul 20, 2011 @ 2:02 am
Thanks Meklit for pointing the misuse of the word. it's very offensive to call Oromos "Galla". please make a correction on the statement. I think a person who has a wisdom do not use or say that kind of word to describe an ethnic group now a days.
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Sep 16, 2011 @ 3:03 am
do not say sidamo there is no such name in thiopia it is the mis naming of the people of sidama instead say sidama for ever ok!
Ash
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Sep 20, 2011 @ 5:17 pm
Thanks! this really helped. I'm also doing a project on Ethiopia.
Grage David
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Dec 3, 2011 @ 12:12 pm
I don't know any people represented "Galla". I think it is the feudal word.
dzzie
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Feb 13, 2012 @ 1:01 am
i agree with the first comment and im proud to be oromo/ethiopian
christian
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May 13, 2012 @ 9:21 pm
Thanks so much for taking the time to write this, you just saved me form failing my writing class!
Rawr
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Nov 19, 2012 @ 9:09 am
Thanks for this info! It helped me on a world history assignment!
Ogadeni
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Dec 20, 2012 @ 2:02 am
Fist of greeting all ethiopians but could be 6% the population of ogaden or somali as you know somali population is the secend after oromo please look back i think you got mistake about as and if i told you about us we settle the eastern part of ethiopia and we are ethiopian

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