Ethiopia - Environment

Ethiopia Environment 1783
Photo by: Frida&Diego

Overgrazing, deforestation, and poor agricultural practices have contributed to soil erosion so severe, particularly in the Tigray and Eritrea regions, that substantial areas of farmland have been lost to cultivation. As of 1994, 600,000 acres of arable land were washed away each year. The combined effects of severe drought and a 17-year civil war have also added to Ethiopia's environmental problems. Ethiopia's forests are also endangered. Each year, the nation loses 340 square miles of forest land. Its forests and woodland decreased by 3.4% between 1983 and 1993. The government did not begin afforestation and soil conservation programs until the early 1970s. Agencies responsible for environmental matters include the Ministry of Agriculture, the Forestry and Wildlife Development Authority, and the Ministry of National Water Resources. The nation's water supply is also at risk. Access to safe drinking water is available to 12% of the rural population and 81% of city dwellers. Ethiopia has 110 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources with 86% used in agriculture. The nation's cities produce 1.3 million tons of solid waste per year.

About 5% of Ethiopia's total land area is protected. In 2001, 35 of Ethiopia's 255 mammal species were threatened. Of 626 bird species, 20 were endangered. One type of reptile in a total of 188 species and 125 plants in a total of 6,500 were also threatened with extinction. Endangered species in Ethiopia include the simian fox, African wild ass, Tora hartebeest, Swayne's hartebeest, Waliaibex (found only in Ethiopia), waldrapp, green sea turtle, and hawksbill turtle.

User Contributions:

Ilene Jones
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Jun 14, 2007 @ 12:12 pm
I am doing a research paper for school on Ethiopia's environment, food and water supply, use of pesticides and herbicides, air pollution, wildlife extinction, and threatened biodiversity. I would like to properly cite and reference this material. Is there a way I can find out the author of this? Also, If there is any other information you have that may be useful, please forward it to my email address. I would like to be as thorough and accurate as possible. Thank you. Ilene Jones
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Oct 22, 2007 @ 10:10 am
I am currently doing a research paper on soil conditions and agriculture in Ethiopia. If there is any more information about this issue, could you please send it to my e-mail address. It would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks a million.
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Nov 9, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
I am doing a reaserch paper its social and envronmental problems in ethiopia.....
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Jan 3, 2008 @ 11:23 pm
Could you please send me the author of this article. I need it for a school bibliography. Thank you! :)
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Mar 19, 2008 @ 12:12 pm
I am working on a project on Ethiopia and this info has helped me alot THANKS**
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Sep 3, 2009 @ 3:03 am
this website is a life saver thanks for putting this up!!!!
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Sep 3, 2009 @ 5:05 am
Im working on an Ethiopian project due soon and this website saved my skin!!!!
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Feb 25, 2010 @ 9:09 am
I am working in Integrative rural development project .this articleis very importantfor our work it contributed alot of value in the aeras.I want also additional information about Ethiopian agricultural problems.
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Apr 13, 2010 @ 2:14 pm
Oh, I;m doing a research paper about the eco tourism in Ethiopia, this article is good can I get the author of it to aswell reference him/her properly, if possible can I get more information of the ecotourism in Ethiopia?
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May 18, 2010 @ 4:16 pm
This website was really helpful thanks to whoever wrote this
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Apr 12, 2011 @ 7:07 am
i aimed to knaw about the top 3 environmetal issue in ethiopia with its case history.
b\c iam doing an assinment out of 40%
and i want to say tank you for giving wrigt ansewr for me.
GOD bless you
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Oct 13, 2011 @ 6:18 pm
hey i would really appreciate it if you gave more information i have a school project due tommorow on ethiopia... this has been helpfull but more info would be great!! :) but if u cant get info by me tonight dont bother sending anything.
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Oct 21, 2011 @ 9:09 am
im doing A research on the same thing and i need some more information
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Oct 29, 2011 @ 9:21 pm
I'm doing research on Ethiopia and i would like the author for my paper i loved reading this.

Thanks so much, Lucy
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Mar 1, 2012 @ 1:13 pm
This website is very good. Helpful in every way. Very good, very good.
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Nov 12, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
this is the best web page ever thanx so much but i would love if it spoke more about animals please
Erin Crittendon
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May 4, 2015 @ 12:12 pm
This website was helpful because I'm doing a research project on Ethiopia on there physical environment and their water supply so this was a very helpful site thanks so much for having this site it was more helpful than the ones I'm using.

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