Bosnia and Herzegovina - Infrastructure, power, and communications

The country's infrastructure , including highways, railroads, and communication networks were severely

Country Newspapers Radios TV Sets a Cable subscribers a Mobile Phones a Fax Machines a Personal Computers a Internet Hosts b Internet Users b
1996 1997 1998 1998 1998 1998 1998 1999 1999
Bosnia & Herzegovina 152 248 41 N/A 7 N/A N/A 1.38 4
United States 215 2,146 847 244.3 256 78.4 458.6 1,508.77 74,100
Yugoslavia 107 297 259 N/A 23 1.9 18.8 7.65 80
Croatia 115 336 272 N/A 41 11.2 111.6 25.94 200
a Data are from International Telecommunication Union, World Telecommunication Development Report 1999 and are per 1,000 people.
b Data are from the Internet Software Consortium ( ) and are per 10,000 people.
SOURCE: World Bank. World Development Indicators 2000.

damaged by the war. In 1991, Bosnia had 21,168 kilometers (13,154 miles) of highways, half of which were paved. The war destroyed 35 percent of these highways and 40 percent of their bridges. The railroads had 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) of track, three-quarters electrified, and damage to the system was estimated at US$1 billion. Sarajevo's international airport was destroyed in the fighting. From 1995 to 1998, more than US$1 billion in foreign aid was provided to rebuild the infrastructure, and much is being done to reconnect the telecommunications networks. A US$20 million loan from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development should aid in this process; however, ethnic divisions have hampered reconstruction. Guiding and implementing projects through conflicting local interests, jurisdictions, price structures, and corruption schemes is complex and often time consuming.

Electricity is produced in coal burning (32 percent) and hydroelectric (68 percent) plants. Because of the war, electricity-generating capacity declined by four-fifths. Most hydroelectric plants are in the Croat-controlled area. Therefore, close cooperation across Muslim-and Serb-held territory is essential for power distribution. Electricity prices vary substantially, with the Serb Republic subsidizing them heavily within its area. Hydropower Tyrol (Austria) is investing US$6 million in the Federation's 4 hydroelectric facilities.

Also read article about Bosnia and Herzegovina from Wikipedia

User Contributions:

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: