Yemen - Poverty and wealth



With a per capita income of US$254 annually, Yemen is by far the poorest country in the region. Living standards in the country have fallen sharply since 1990 as a result of high inflation, which in 1995 peaked at 56.3 percent. Although inflation dropped to 10 percent in 2000, the value of wages also decreased, forcing

Exchange rates: Yemen
Yemeni rials per US$1
Oct 2000 164.590
2000 160.683
1999 155.718
1998 135.882
1997 129.281
1996 94.157
SOURCE: CIA World Factbook 2001 [ONLINE].

GDP per Capita (US$)
Country 1975 1980 1985 1990 1998
Yemen N/A N/A N/A 266 254
United States 19,364 21,529 23,200 25,363 29,683
Saudi Arabia 9,658 11,553 7,437 7,100 6,516
Oman 3,516 3,509 5,607 5,581 N/A
SOURCE: United Nations. Human Development Report 2000; Trends in human development and per capita income.

Distribution of Income or Consumption by Percentage Share: Yemen
Lowest 10% 2.3
Lowest 20% 6.1
Second 20% 10.9
Third 20% 15.3
Fourth 20% 21.6
Highest 20% 46.1
Highest 10% 30.8
Survey year: 1992
Note: This information refers to expenditure shares by percentiles of the population and is ranked by per capita expenditure.
SOURCE: 2000 World Development Indicators [CD-ROM].

Yemenis to spend more than half their income on food and beverages and limiting their ability to purchase imported goods. An estimated 25 percent of the population lived below the poverty line in 1997, up from 19 percent in 1992.

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