0-100 A.D. Polynesians colonize Tuvalu; Samoans settle in the southern atolls, while Tongans settle in the north; Micronesians from Kiribati conquer Nui.
1861. Elekana, a Cook Islander castaway, brings Christianity to Tuvalu.
1863. Slave traders take 450 Tuvaluans as slaves to work in the guano mines of Peru.
1865. Elekana returns to islands with a Congregation-alist missionary, A. W. Murray.
1877. Tuvalu comes under British control.
1880s. European traders establish a post on Tuvalu in order to acquire copra.
1892. In an effort to forestall American expansion in the area, Great Britain declares a protectorate over the northern islands.
1916. Tuvalu becomes a formal British colony.
1942-45. The United States lands military troops in the region during World War II and builds the nation's current airfield at Funafuti.
1974. The United Kingdom grants Tuvalu self-governing status; Tuvaluans vote for independence.
1976. Tuvalu is formally separated from the Gilbert Islands.
1978. Tuvalu becomes an independent nation and a special member of the Commonwealth of Nations (a voluntary association of nations giving symbolic or actual allegiance to the British crown).
1997. Three cyclones devastate the islands.
1998. Tuvalu signs a 10-year deal worth at least US$50 million to license the nation's Internet domain name, ".tv."
2000. Tuvalu becomes a member of the United Nations and a full member of the Commonwealth of Nations.