1400s. The Kingdom of Malacca is founded.
1511. Malacca is conquered by the Portuguese under Afonso de Albuquerque.
1641. The Dutch establish control in the region.
1786. The Sultan of Kedah leases the island of Pinang to the British East India Company.
1819. Singapore is founded by Sir Thomas Raffles.
1824. Malacca falls to Britain.
1888. British North Borneo and Sarawak become British protectorates.
1896. The British form a federation, comprised of Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, and Pahang.
1909. British acquire control over Kedah, Kelantan, Perak, and Terengannu—the 4 northern states in Peninsular Malaysia—from Siam (now Thailand).
1921. Port Singapore becomes the principal base for British Navy in East Asia.
1942. Malay Peninsula is occupied by Japanese Army.
1945. Malaya is liberated from Japanese occupation.
1946. British impose a system known as the Malayan Union and grant political rights to immigrants.
1948. The Federation of Malaya is established.
1948. State of Emergency is declared in response to armed campaign by the Malayan Communist Party.
1957. Malaya is granted independence within the British Commonwealth.
1963. Malaysia is expanded to form the Federation of Malaysia; Singapore joins the federation.
1965. Singapore leaves the federation.
1967. Malaysia becomes a founding member of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
1969. Serious rioting breaks out in the capital city, Kuala Lumpur; more than 200 people killed.
1970. The Malaysian government introduces the New Economic Policy (NEP).
1981. Dr. Mahathir bin Muhammad becomes prime minister of Malaysia.
1983. Prime minister imposes restrictions on the power of the Yang di-Pertuan Agang and the Council of Rulers.
1995. The ruling political coalition Barisan Nasional wins parliamentary elections in landslide victory.
1997. In response to the Asian financial crisis, the government imposes restrictions on currency trading and announces public spending cuts.
1998. National Economic Action Council is established to advise the Malaysian Cabinet on the economic crisis.
1998. Prime Minister Mahathir bin Muhammad dismisses his apparent successor, Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim.
1999. The ruling political coalition Barisan Nasional wins parliamentary elections while losing 14 seats in the parliament.