Brunei's status as a major oil and natural gas producer and its political goal of promoting full employment for ethnic Bruneian Malays are the 2 forces most responsible for the shape of the Bruneian economy. Because it is the third largest oil producer in Southeast Asia, and the fourth largest producer of liquified natural gas in the world, the oil and gas sector dominates the private
|Country||Telephones a||Telephones, Mobile/Cellular a||Radio Stations b||Radios a||TV Stations a||Televisions a||Internet Service Providers c||Internet Users c|
|Brunei Darussalam||79,000 (1996)||43,524 (1996)||AM 3; FM 10; shortwave 0||329,000 (1998)||2||201,900 (1998)||2||28,000 (2001)|
|United States||194 M||69.209 M (1998)||AM 4,762; FM 5,542; shortwave 18||575 M||1,500||219 M||7,800||148 M|
|Philippines||1.9 M||1.959 M (1998)||AM 366; FM 290; shortwave 3 (1999)||11.5 M||31||3.7M||33||500,000|
|Malaysia||4.5 M (1999)||2.698 M (1999)||AM 56; FM 31; shortwave 5 (1999)||10.9 M (1999)||27 (1999)||10.8 M (1999)||7||1.5 M|
|a Data is for 1997 unless otherwise noted.|
|b Data is for 1998 unless otherwise noted.|
|c Data is for 2000 unless otherwise noted.|
|SOURCE: CIA World Factbook 2001 [Online].|
economy. Along with the construction which is heavily funded by the Bruneian government, oil and gas contributed some 46 percent of GDP in 1996. The construction industry was greatly affected by the Asian financial crisis in 1997-98, but the industrial sector as a whole was expected to thrive with rising world oil prices in 2000. Services, including finances, accounted for 49 percent of GDP in 1996. Within the service sector, community, social, and personal services contributed a large percentage of GDP. The government has made consistent efforts to diversify its economy to boost non-oil sectors.
Government estimates, which do not divide employment according to agriculture, industry, and services, indicate that 48 percent of the population is employed by the government and 42 percent in the oil, gas, services, and construction industries. Only an estimated 10 percent of the workforce are employed in Brunei's agricultural sector, which contributed about 5 percent of GDP in 1996.