Agricultural activity in Brunei is not high. The government has attempted to increase agricultural production in order to achieve self-sufficiency in food, but results have been unsatisfactory. Agriculture made up only 5 percent of the GDP in 1996, and the country has had to import 80 percent of its food needs. While land, finance, and irrigation facilities are available, agricultural activities lack manpower resources. The gap between wages in farming and the public sector is large, and most Bruneians have little interest in agricultural production.
Brunei is nearly self-sufficient in vegetables, but only 1 percent of the nation's rice is produced locally. The production of tropical fruits is being encouraged. Cattle—both beef and dairy—buffalo, and goat rearing are also being promoted. Pig farming has been banned since 1993, but the country is self-sufficient in egg production and nearly self-sufficient in poultry.