Peru - Working conditions

Because the Peruvian population is so young—with 53.8 percent of the population under the age of 25—the working-age population is growing by 300,000 people a year. The U.S. State Department's 2001 Human Rights Report estimates the workforce to number 8.5 million, of whom 5 percent are unionized. Official unemployment, according to the International Labor Organization, was 10 percent in 2000, but even the government admits that the statistics are misleading. An estimated 60 percent of the population is underemployed. The workforce remains largely unskilled, with many skilled laborers leaving the country to search for work abroad. An estimated 1 million Peruvians now live abroad, the majority of them in the United States or Spain.

The government raised the monthly minimum wage to the equivalent of US$117 in March 2000. The U.S. State Department estimates that more than half the work-force earns less than the minimum wage.

The government began dismantling labor laws in the early 1990s as part of the efforts to streamline the economy, open the country to foreign investment, and privatize state-run industries. As a result, labor union activity has declined substantially with the Construction Workers Union and Teachers Union the only 2 organizations retaining a nationwide profile. Strikes called in 1999 and 2000 had little national importance. Under current laws, strikes not approved by the government are illegal.

The 1992 labor law made striking and collective bargaining difficult. While collective bargaining is legal, the law says it can only be carried out if it is "in harmony with broader social objectives." Local and international labor groups also complain about provisions that allow companies to hire 30 percent of the workforce on an "internship" basis, meaning 3-month contracts without social benefits. In addition to government changes to the laws, the Maoist Shining Path guerrillas also made it a policy to infiltrate unions or create their own unions as a way of weakening companies and whole economic sectors. While the Shining Path's leadership was jailed in 1992 and the group has all but disappeared, the stigma it created for unions remains.

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User Contributions:

I think the opportunities in Peru are not the same for everyone because there is still extreme poverty, especially in more remote places, such as in parts of the mountains. and these people can not get a job as an accountant, administrator, etc.. due to lack of education is in these places, and in several cases used to go to the capital. that must be addressed, especially the proposal of the President of the Republic, and is not an illusion but for these people.
Mariaclaudia Montes
I think that both Peru and other places, job opportunities are not always the best. In the case of Peru, workers are exploited. If they do not value education as they should. It is for this reason alone that the peruvians came to believe that perhaps another country. EE.UU. offered us what we need here. Although many times the conditions are the same. That is also around 1992 that there were some strikes and protests. Because of that, emerging from the unions there.
Edison Canahuire
In these days there are a lot of people without a job and most of these people have a family to take care off. That reflects that job conditions in Peru are not good. Unfortunately, more people go out of Peru for working abroad. One of the causes of this is the minimum salary and long working hours. Besides there's still exploitation. Some people exploit children or young people who don't have studies and can´t defend themselves. Therefore, people decide to go to abroad to get opportunities. In my opinion, unemployment is a negative cause for our country's development. We have to do anything for improving job conditions and of this way people wouldn't go to another country and would stay here.
Mariana Chavez Mendoza
I think that working conditions in Peru are not good because there is not enough work for people
there is also labor exploitation, lack of payment and lack of education and preparation to get jobs
because of this many people seek work abroad especially in USA and Spain where they encounter a different environment to our country.
I think the government should start to create more jobs and more education for so prepare for the people.
The working conditions in Peru are very bad. Many people have title, but are working other things as oppose to their profession. The salaries are very low, and many people earn less than the minimum wage for the work they do. Trade unions are very weak.

Many working people are exploited, and hope the new Government will improve their conditions.
in the present we can hear that maybe de economy of Peru is growing but in the facts we don't see a improvement in the conditions of our people because we still watching people on the streets or doing a job for survive. that show that the state is not fully invested in helping to improve this situation that not only is affecting a the person that not have a job but also a their whole family that are obliged to work, inclouding children left their studies to work.
The working conditions are atrocious - even for those with degrees. Low pay, long working hours, little avenue for recourse against supervisors or management if unhappy leads people to find better opportunities wherever they can.

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