Zimbabwe - Poverty and wealth

It was estimated in 1991 that 14 percent of the population was below the U.S. dollar-a-day poverty line (this line is based on the income required to provide the absolute minimum nutrition, clothing, and shelter). This means that 16 percent of children under age 5 are mal-nourished (the figure is 1 percent for the United States) and life expectancy is 53 years (in the United States it is

GDP per Capita (US$)
Country 1975 1980 1985 1990 1998
Zimbabwe 686 638 662 706 703
United States 19,364 21,529 23,200 25,363 29,683
South Africa 4,574 4,620 4,229 4,113 3,918
Dem. Rep. of Congo 392 313 293 247 127
SOURCE: United Nations. Human Development Report 2000; Trends in human development and per capita income.

Distribution of Income or Consumption by Percentage Share: Zimbabwe
Lowest 10% 1.8
Lowest 20% 4.0
Second 20% 6.3
Third 20% 10.0
Fourth 20% 17.4
Highest 20% 62.3
Highest 10% 46.9
Survey year: 1990-91
Note: This information refers to expenditure shares by percentiles of the population and is ranked by per capita expenditure.
SOURCE: 2000 World Development Indicators [CD-ROM].

77 years). Estimates in 1999 suggest that the deteriorating economic conditions, particularly the disruption of agriculture by the violent occupation of farms by landless Zimbabweans, has increased the dollar-a-day poverty level to 60 percent of the population. Most of those in poverty are in the rural areas, relying on small-scale agriculture for their livelihoods. They suffer because of poor land, inadequate rainfall, and insufficient income to purchase good seeds, fertilizer, or farm machinery. With the economic deterioration, increasing numbers of urban dwellers are finding themselves in poverty. There is a huge income distribution disparity. In 1990, the poorest 10 percent of the population received 1.8 percent of total income, while the richest 10 percent received 46.9 percent.

The national social security authority had about 840,000 employed persons registered with it in 1995. Subsistence farmers and informally employed people do not participate in pension, sickness benefits, or other formal welfare schemes, but rely on traditional community support structures.

User Contributions:

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Dec 21, 2010 @ 1:13 pm
That's incredible.. it just goes to show how something can be right under our own nose and we cant see it. What can i do t help?
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Jan 5, 2011 @ 8:20 pm
what is the latest GDP capital of zimbabwe for the year 2010
Chando Chitema
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Mar 24, 2011 @ 3:03 am
Improve on latest trends please. Want to make a proper analysis with the current developments

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