Nigeria - Infrastructure, power, and communications

Nigeria has a fairly extensive infrastructure of roads, railroads, airports, and communication networks. The road system is by far the most important element in the country's transportation network, carrying about 95 percent of all the nation's goods and passengers. Currently, many of the roads are in disrepair because of poor maintenance and years of heavy traffic.

ROADS. The road system was started in the early 1900s under British colonial rule essentially as a feeder network for newly completed railroads. Two trunk roads running from Lagos (southwest) and Port Harcourt (southeast) to Kano (north central) were built. These were followed by the construction of several east-west roads, 2 north and 2 south of the natural division created by the Niger and Benue Rivers. The major purpose was to transport goods from the interior to the coast for export.

After independence in 1960, expansion of the road system to facilitate access to state capitals and large towns became one of the major areas of government investment. In 1978, an expressway was constructed from Lagos to Ibadan. Later, a branch of the Lagos-Ibadan expressway was extended to Benin City. By 1980 another express-way connected Port Harcourt to Enugu. Similar express-ways connected major cities and commercial centers in the north. Thus, by 1990 Nigeria had 108,000 kilometers (67,112 miles) of roads. Of this total, 30,000 kilometers (18,642 miles) were paved, 25,000 kilometers (15,535 miles) were gravel, and 53,000 kilometers (32,935 miles) were unimproved earth.

Much of the road system is in disrepair and barely useable. Massive traffic jams are very common in the large cities. There are also long delays in the movement of goods. Highway accidents and deaths are frequent, and number more than 30,000 and 8,000, respectively.

RAILROADS. Railroads provide Nigeria's second means of transportation. The rail system consists of 3,500 kilometers (2,175 miles) route of 1.067 meters (3.5 feet)

Country Telephones a Telephones, Mobile/Cellular a Radio Stations b Radios a TV Stations a Televisions a InternetService Providers c Internet Users c
Nigeria 500,000 (2000) 26,700 AM 82; FM 35;shortwave 11 23.5 M 2 (1999) 6.9 M 11 100,000
United States 194 M 69.209 M (1998) AM 4,762; FM 5,542;shortwave 18 575 M 1,500 219 M 7,800 148 M
Dem. Rep. of Congo 21,000 8,900 AM 3; FM 12;shortwave 1 (1999) 18.03 M 20 (1999) 6.478 M 2 1,500 (1999)
Cameroon 75,000 4,200 AM 11; FM 8;shortwave 3 2.27 M 1 (1998) 450,000 1 20,000
a Data is for 1997 unless otherwise noted.
b Data is for 1998 unless otherwise noted.
c Data is for 2000 unless otherwise noted.
SOURCE: CIA World Factbook 2001 [Online].

gauge. Two main lines of the single-track railroad system connect the coast with the interior. One line runs from Lagos (southwest) to Kano (north). The Lagos-Kano line was extended to Nguru, a cattle-raising region, in 1930. The other line runs from Port Harcourt (south-east) to Kaduna (north). A branch line runs from Zaria to Kaura Namoda, an important agricultural area in the northwest. The Port Harcourt-Kaduna line was extended to Maiduguri (northeast) in 1964. The rail system is operated by the Nigeria Railway Corporation. The system suffered a progressive decline because of inadequate funding, poor maintenance, and declining profit.

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Jun 1, 2011 @ 9:09 am
The negligence of Nigeria's existing infrastructure is nearing criminal proportions. Every year, until recently when they stopped pretending about it, huge monetary provisions were made for capital projects (i.e. infrastructure) but no new roads are ever seen. The legislators overlook such fraud once their own "field" is not tampered with. Today, not only does Nigeria spend 75% of her vast wealth as recurrent, the resources left are infinitesimal to carry new projects hence the private sector is being seen as the saving grace .
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Jul 27, 2011 @ 1:13 pm
how can we solve or handle the problems facing Nigeria infrastructure
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Jan 26, 2012 @ 7:07 am
May the Almighty God touch the heart of Nigerian leaders to be able to do the right thing. this include building infrastructure in Nigeria.
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Jun 21, 2012 @ 7:07 am
Any reasonable Nigerian will feel sorry about the dilapidated state of the nation's infrastructure. May the Lord guide our leaders right.
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Feb 17, 2015 @ 9:09 am

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