Ethiopia - Working conditions

Since 85 percent of Ethiopia's workforce engages in subsistence farming in the countryside, only a very small percentage of the population is involved in wage labor. The Ethiopian constitution and the 1993 labor law provide wage laborers with the right to form and belong to unions, though employees of the civil and security services (where most wage earners work), judges, and prosecutors are denied these rights. The Confederation of Ethiopian Trade Unions (CETU), established after the fall of the Derg regime in 1993, includes 9 federations organized by industrial and service sector. There is no requirement that unions belong to the CETU. Approximately 250,000 Ethiopian workers are unionized.

Workers who provide an "essential service," such as those who work in air transport, railways, bus service, police and fire services, post and telecommunications, banks, and pharmacies, are denied the right to strike. Other workers are granted the right to strike, though the unions involved must follow certain detailed procedures before doing so. The same applies for the right of an employer to lock out workers. Both sides must make efforts at reconciliation and provide at least 10 days notice to the government before the commencement of an action.

The minimum age for wage labor is 14 years, and various laws protect children between the ages of 14 to 18 years, including restrictions that they may not work more than 7 hours per day. The U.S. Department of State maintains that there are some efforts to enforce such regulations within the formal industrial sector, though there are large numbers of children of all ages that grow and harvest crops outside government regulatory control in the countryside or work as street peddlers in the cities. The harsh reality is that many impoverished parents depend on the work contributions of their children to ensure the survival of the household.

While there is no minimum wage in the private sector, a minimum wage in the public sector has been in effect since 1985. According to the U.S. Department of State, however, the minimum wage in the public sector, which equaled about US$16 per month in 1996, is insufficient to provide a decent standard of living for a worker and family. The Office of the Study of Wages and Other Remunerations, for instance, reports that a family of 5 requires a monthly income of US$61 in Ethiopia. Even with 2 minimum wage earners, therefore, a family receives only about half the income needed for adequate subsistence. These factors result in the family's reliance upon the children to contribute to the household income.

Most employees in Ethiopia work a 40-hour week, and the government, industry, and unions negotiate occupational health and safety standards. The Inspection Department of the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs cannot enforce these standards effectively, however, due to a lack of human and financial resources.

Also read article about Ethiopia from Wikipedia

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Nov 17, 2010 @ 6:06 am
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Jun 9, 2011 @ 4:04 am
there are many occupational health and safety professionals who are engaged in federal and other institutions. so,why don't make a coordination with international labor organization ,ministry of civil service and other stakeholders to have a good management in the field of occupational health and safety within any organization and updating the current experts within the new technology and hazards.
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Jun 26, 2011 @ 10:10 am
I want to work as a doctor (surgery) in Ethiopia. How can i do it?
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Jan 22, 2012 @ 11:11 am
Hey Yaroslav!
I'm a complete stranger to you, but I might help you with the question of how you can get to work as a surgeon in Ethiopia. You might have solved the question yourself, but I grab the chance to give you a reference that might help you. I have no clue about the regulations in Ethiopia, but my father works as a surgeon in Addis. He's from Norway and has been in Ethiopia all together 24 yrs of his life, and has a heart to help the people of Ethiopia through burn surgery. His foundation is called Children's Burn Care Foundation Ethiopia and you will find their web site if you google it.

If you ever find this inform. interesting and helpful, feel free to respond to my emailadr:
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Jul 10, 2012 @ 7:07 am
I want to know distnictive qualities of working rules and regulations of Ethiopia? I like to know what can do to serve as a journalist? I have graduated in BA of Journalism and Communication. I wonder if someone make me know how one can be hired in its distnictive profession with out relying on relatives and power?? Thank you everyone who gonna answer my request!

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