Agriculture contributes to 10 percent of the GDP and employs approximately 60 percent of the workforce , indicating the real inefficiency of this sector. Most participants in the agricultural sector produce food for their own consumption only. Industry and services represents 59 percent and 31 percent of GDP, respectively. Petroleum produced from offshore oil fields and crude oil represent 75 percent of the Congo's annual exports. Additionally, the Congo exports natural gas, lead, gold, and copper.
The Congolese state bureaucracy is a major employer. At the beginning of the 1990s the state employed some 80,000 people, an enormous number for a country of its size. Since that time government efforts to privatize state-run industries have lessened state employment, but the still large and corrupt government bureaucracy acts as a drag on economic growth.