# Gini index - Distribution of family income - The World Factbook - CIA

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This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the horizontal axis and the right vertical axis and the index would be 100.
Gini index - Distribution of family income - The World Factbook - CIA

#### Distribution of family income - Gini index

1Namibia70.7
2South Africa65
3Lesotho63.2
4Botswana63
5Sierra Leone62.9
6Central African Republic61.3
7Bolivia59.2
8Haiti59.2
9Colombia58.5
10Brazil56.7
11Bosnia and Herzegovina56.2
12Panama56.1
13Guatemala55.1
14Chile54.9
15Honduras53.8
16Hong Kong53.3
17Paraguay53.2
19Peru52
20Papua New Guinea50.9
21Zambia50.8
22Niger50.5
23Swaziland50.4
24Gambia50.2
25Zimbabwe50.1
26Dominican Republic49.9
27Sri Lanka49
28Mexico48.2
29Singapore48.1
30Costa Rica48
33Mozambique47.3
34Nepal47.2
35Rwanda46.8
36Malaysia46.1
37Philippines45.8
38Argentina45.7
39Uganda45.7
40Jamaica45.5
41Uruguay45.2
42United States45
43Cameroon44.6
44Ivory Coast44.6
45Iran44.5
46Nigeria43.7
47Guyana43.2
48Nicaragua43.1
49Cambodia43
50Thailand43
51Kenya42.5
52Burundi42.4
53Russia42.3
54China41.5
55Senegal41.3
56Turkey41
57Venezuela41
58Morocco40.9
59Georgia40.8
60Turkmenistan40.8
61Mali40.1
62Tunisia40
63Jordan39.7
64Burkina Faso39.5
65Ghana39.4
66Indonesia39.4
67Israel39.2
68Macedonia39
69Malawi39
70Mauritius39
71Mauritania39
72Portugal38.5
73Guinea38.1
74Japan38.1
75Timor-Leste38
76Yemen37.7
77Armenia37
78Vietnam37
79India36.8
80Uzbekistan36.8
81Azerbaijan36.5
82Benin36.5
83New Zealand36.2
84Latvia36
85Lithuania36
86Algeria35.3
87Poland34.9
88Laos34.6
89Tanzania34.6
90Egypt34.4
91Estonia34
92United Kingdom34
93Switzerland33.7
95Moldova33.2
96Greece33
97Mongolia32.8
98France32.7
99Tajikistan32.6
101Italy32
102Spain32
103Romania32
104South Korea31.3
105Ukraine31
106European Union31
107Netherlands30.9
108Ireland30.7
109Pakistan30.6
110Australia30.5
111Kyrgyzstan30.3
112Ethiopia30
113Montenegro30
114Bulgaria29.8
115Finland29.5
116Croatia29
117Cyprus29
118Denmark29
119Kazakhstan28.8
120Slovenia28.4
121Belgium28
122Hungary28
123Iceland28
124Belarus27.9
125Germany27
126Albania26.7
127Austria26
128Malta26
129Serbia26
130Slovakia26
131Czech Republic26
132Luxembourg26
133Norway25
134Sweden23
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