Long, David E. and Bernard Reich, eds. The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa. 1986.
Middle East and North Africa , 46th ed. London: Europa Publications, 1999.
"President Ben Ali Reiterates Denunciation of Terrorism But Warns Against Unjustified Anti-Arab Attitudes." Tunisia Online, March 27, 2002, http://www.tunisiaonline.com/news (April 2002).
Spencer, William. The Middle East . 8th edition. Dushkin/McGraw-Hill, 2000.
"Tunisia Constitution," International Constitutional Law, http://www.uni-wuerzburg.de/law/ts00000_.html (June 2000).
" Tunisia Intervenes with the U.S. and EU about Situation in Palestinian Territories." Tunisia Online, March 29, 2002. http://www.tunisiaonline.com/news (April 2002).
Tunisia Online, http://www.tunisiaonline.com/news/index.html (May 1, 2003).
Washington Post, various issues.
The World Solidarity Fund, http://www.solidarity-fund.org/eng (April 25, 2003).
Profile researched and written by Kathryn Green, California State University (6/00); updated by Jeneen Hobby, Ph.D. (5/2003).