Fiorenzo Stolfi was born on 11 March 1956. He took a law degree at the University of Urbino. In addition to his positions in government, he served as a vice governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) from 1993 to 2000, as San Marino's governor to the World Bank from 2001 to 2002, and as San Marino's governor to the IMF beginning in June 2002. He became secretary of state for foreign affairs of the republic, the de facto leader of the country, on 17 December 2002. He is married to Dorina Luana; they have two sons.