San Marino is proud of its neutral status. While San Marino's foreign activities are limited, it maintains around 50 consulates worldwide, including offices in China, the United States, and most of the nations of Western and Eastern Europe. In 2002, San Marino held discussions with Russia on improving cooperation between the two nations. Plans to establish an honorary consulate general in Moscow were announced in February of that year.
San Marino has observer status at the United Nations (UN) and belongs to several UN agencies. San Marino was a signatory of the 1975 Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and continues to participate in their review sessions. By virtue of its customs union with Italy, San Marino is able to have free access to EU markets. Approximately 7,000 Americans of Sanmarinese descent live in New York, Michigan, and Ohio.