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Gause, F. Gregory III. Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1994.
"Increased U.S. Military Presence Welcomed in Qatar, for Most Part," SunSpot.net, http://www.sunspot.net/news/nationworld/iraq/balte.iraqqatar04may04,0,116437.story?coll=bal-nation-world-headlines (May 7, 2003).
State of Qatar: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, http://www.mofa.gov.qa (April 2002).
U.S. Commercial Service, http://www.usatrade.gov (April 2002).
U.S. Department of State, http://www.state.gov (April 2003).
Profile written and researched by Hootan Shambayati, Middle East Center, University of Utah (6/96); updated by Jeneen Hobby, Ph.D. (5/03).