"End of Iraq War Augurs Well for Regional Economies," Arab News, http://www.menafn.com/qn_news_story_s.asp?StoryId=17991 (May 8, 2003).
Khadduri, Majid. Arab Personalities in Politics. 1981. The Ministry of Information: Sultanate of Oman, http://www.omanet.com (May 8, 2003).
Oman News Service, http://www.omannews.com/homee.htm (May 8, 2003).
"Oman's Leader Extends Voting Rights," The Washington Post, Online Edition, http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wpdyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A48892-2002Nov27¬Found=true (May 8, 2003). U.S Department of State, http://www.state.gov (May 8,2003).
Zahlan, Rosemarie Said. The Making of the Modern Gulf States. 1989.
Profile researched and written by Bashir Ahmed (7/1990); updated by Jeneen Hobby, Ph.D. (5/2003).