Africa News Online. http://www.africanews.org/west/stories/1999_feat1.html (May 2000).
Africaonline. http://www.africaonline.com (May 2000).
Africa South of the Sahara, 32nd edition. London, Eng.: Europa Publications, 2003.
Boubah. http://www.boubah.com/Articles/Articles.asp?Id=392 (March 23, 2003).
Dickle, John and Alan Rake. Who's Who in Africa . 1973.
"Guinea." Economist Intelligence Unit , March 12, 2003.
"Guinea: Constitution Approved." November 15, 2001.
Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN). http://www.IRINnews.org (February 2002).
"Leaders Meet for Peace." UN Integrated Regional Information Networks. March 3, 2002. http://www.allafrica.com (March 2002).
O'Toole, Thomas E. Historical Dictionary of Guinea. 3rd edition, Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow, 1994.
Wentling, Mark G. Guinea: Potential Sources of Conflict and Instability, 1998.
Profile researched and updated by Robert J. Groelsema, Ph.D. (3/03); sections contributed by Dean Kopecky (7/90).