While Guelleh enjoys significant support from the Issa community and the military, Djibouti remains an ethnically divided society. Most Issas remain suspicious of him, and he needs to demonstrate his leadership skill independent of Aptidon.
The recent alliance between RPP and moderate members of FRUD creates a unique opportunity to reduce ethnic conflict in Djibouti. Despite allegations of electoral irregularities, Guelleh has broad support in the country.
Guelleh's administration has sought to create a more ethnically balanced government by reaching out to the Afar minority. He has emphasized economic development and growth as the primary foundation for a prosperous Djibouti. Indeed, with the economy having declined over 10% in the mid to late 1990s, Guelleh continues to represent a hope for the future.