Africaonline, http://www.africaonline.com (March 2000).
"Central African Republic Says It Has Ended Armed Rebellion." The New York Times, October 31, 2002, p. A-17.
"Central African Republic: U.N. Envoy Arrives." The New York Times , June 13, 2001, p. A8.
"Central African Republic: Worsening Conditions Amid Deepening Poverty." UN Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN), http://www.africanews.org/west/stories/1999_feat1.html (October 1999).
Kalck, Pierre. Historical Dictionary of the Central African Republic . Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1992.
"Leader Claims to Quell Coup in Central African Republic." The Washington Post, June 4, 2001, p. A15.
"Libya Helps a Beleaguered African Leader." The New York Times , November 6, 2001, p. A5.
"U.S. Shuts Embassy Amid African Turmoil." The New York Times, November 1, 2002, p. A-11.
Profile researched and written by Raymond P. Webb, Milton Academy (3/94); updated (4/2002, 2/2003).