AfricaNews, http://www.africanews.org/west/burkinafaso/ (March 2002).
Africa South of the Sahara. 31st edition. London: Europa Publications, Ltd., 2002.
"Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire Friendship Reaffirmed." Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, November 30, 2002.
"Compaoré Warns Côte d'Ivoire against Mistreating Burnikabe." Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, October 29,2002.
Economist Intelligence Unit, Ltd. EIU Country Reports. March 1, 2002.
McFarland, Daniel Miles, and Lawrence A. Rupley. Historical Dictionary of Burkina Faso. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1998.
Pan African News Agency, http://www.africanews.org/PANA/ (June 2000).
Rake, Alan. Who's Who in Africa: Leaders for the 1990s. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1992.
UNICEF-EPP Statistics, http://www.unicef.org/statis/ (June 2000).
United Nations Humanitarian Information Unit, UN-IRIN-West Africa, http://www.reliefweb.int/emergenc (March 2002).
Profile researched and written by Kathryn Green, California State University, San Bernardino (3/1999); updated by Robert J. Groelsema (3/2002 and 2/2003).