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"Algeria: President Said Set to Turn Against Army Generals." Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, January 5, 2003.
Amodeo, Chris. "Tamazight, the Berber Language, Is to Be
Given Official Constitutional Status by Algeria's President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika." Geographical, June 2002, vol. 74, no. 6, p. 6.
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Solutions, or Is He Part of the Problem?" Time International, April 26, 1999, vol. 153, no. 16, p. 45.
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"The Warm Embrace: Europe Is Showing Signs That It's Keen to Better Its Often Uneasy Relations with the Maghreb Nations." Time International, June 26, 2000, vol. 155, no. 25, p. 30.
Profile researched and written by Azzedine Layachi, St. John's University (9/99; updated 2/2003).