The United Nations Budget - Procedure for determining the regular budget



Every other year, the Secretary-General presents detailed budget and appropriations estimates for the following biennium. (Until 1974 there were annual budgets.) These estimates are reviewed and sometimes revised by the Advisory Committee. The programmatic aspects are reviewed by the 34-member Committee for Program and Coordination.

The United Nations Budget

Appropriations (Gross) 1946–2003 (in US$)
YEAR APPROPRIATION YEAR APPROPRIATION
1946 $19,390,000 1967 133,084,000
1947 28,616,568 1968 141,787,750
1948 39,285,736 1969 156,967,300
1949 43,204,080 1970 168,956,950
1950 44,520,773 1971 194,627,800
1951 48,925,500 1972 208,650,200
1952 50,547,660 1973 233,820,374
1953 49,869,450 1974–75 606,033,000
1954 48,528,980 1976–77 745,813,800
1955 50,228,000 1978–79 996,372,900
1956 50,683,350 1980–81 1,339,151,200
1957 53,174,700 1982–83 1,472,961,700
1958 61,121,900 1984–85 1,611,551,200
1959 61,657,100 1986–87 1,711,801,200
1960 65,734,900 1988–89 1,748,681,800
1961 71,649,300 1990–91 2,134,072,100
1962 85,818,220 1992–93 2,362,977,700
1963 92,876,550 1994–95 2,580,200,200
1964 101,327,600 1996–97 2,608,274,000
1965 108,472,800 1998–99 2,488,302,000
1966 121,080,530 2000–01 2,535,689,200
2002–03 2,625,178,700

The United Nations Budget

BUDGET FOR THE 2002–03 BIENNIUM
AREA OF EXPENDITURE
PURPOSE OF EXPENDITURE AMOUNT (US$)
OVERALL POLICY-MAKING, DIRECTION AND COORDINATION
Overall policy-making, direction and coordination 49,365,800
General Assembly affairs and conference services 449,775,300
TOTAL 499,141,100
POLITICAL AFFAIRS
Political affairs 155,016,300
Disarmament 15,432,300
Peacekeeping operations 73,600,700
Peaceful uses of outer space 4,044,800
TOTAL 248,094,100
INTERNATIONAL JUSTICE AND LAW
International Court of Justice 23,837,300
Legal affairs 35,265,800
TOTAL 59,103,100
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Economic and social affairs 121,043,400
Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States 3,055,600
Africa: New Agenda for Development 5,932,700
Trade and development 84,858,400
International Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO 18,022,600
Environment 7,660,200
Human settlements 11,541,800
Crime prevention and criminal justice 5,733,800
International drug control 15,289,100
TOTAL 273,137,600
REGIONAL COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
Economic and social development in Africa 80,760,100
Economic and social development in Asia and the Pacific 52,804,500
Economic development in Europe 40,605,900
Economic and social development in Latin America and the Caribbean 69,167,400
Economic and social development in Western Asia 49,095,200
Regular programme of technical cooperation 42,749,600
TOTAL 355,182,700
HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS
Human rights 44,727,100
Protection of and assistance to refugees 42,890,400
Palestine refugees 24,828,400
Humanitarian assistance 20,011,600
TOTAL 132,457,500
PUBLIC INFORMATION
Public information 144,719,200
TOTAL 144,719,200
COMMON SUPPORT SERVICES
Management and central support services 428,530,500
TOTAL 428,530,500
INTERNAL OVERSIGHT
Internal oversight 20,296,900
TOTAL 20,296,900
JOINTLY FINANCED ACTIVITIES AND SPECIAL EXPENSES
Jointly financed administrative activities 8,436,600
Special expenses 69,340,500
TOTAL 77,777,100
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
Construction, alteration, improvement and major maintenance 45,423,600
TOTAL 45,423,600
STAFF ASSESSMENT
Staff assessment 348,250,300
TOTAL 348,250,300
DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNT
Development Account 13,065,000

The United Nations Budget

TOTAL 13,065,000
TOTAL EXPENDITURES 2,625,178,700

Aside from the regular budget, the General Assembly also allots a certain amount of money for unforeseen and extraordinary expenses and determines the level of the UN's Working Capital Fund, to which member nations advance sums in proportion to their assessed contributions to the regular budget. The fund is used to finance appropriations pending receipt of contributions and may also be drawn upon by the Secretary-General for other purposes determined by the General Assembly.

Since the expenses of the organization can never be precisely predicted, the Secretary-General reviews actual expenditures for the current year at each regular session of the General Assembly and proposes adjustments in the original appropriations. Usually, a supplemental budget is voted, but occasionally the General Assembly votes reductions.

Income Estimates

It was estimated that expenditures for 2002–03 would be offset in the amount of US$ 484,295,400, to be derived as follows:

  1. income from staff assessment : US$ 352,537,800;
  2. general income : US$ 47,283,200
  3. services to public : US$ 4,474,400.

Under UN regulations, a percentage of the earnings of the entire UN staff is deducted in lieu of taxes and credited to "income." In order to avoid double taxation of staff members of US nationality, they are reimbursed by the UN for the taxes (federal, state, and city) levied on their UN earnings. The withholdings from the salaries of UN personnel of all other nationalities are credited to the member states' accounts against their assessed contributions. After taking into account staff assessments and other items of income, the net estimated amount remaining must be raised through assessed contributions from member states.

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