The Industrial Development Board consists of 53 members elected by the General Conference for four-year terms. The board reviews the implementation of the work program and the budget and makes recommendations to the General Conference on policy matters, including the appointment of the Director-General, when required. It meets once during General Conference years, and twice in other years.
As of 7 December 2001 the members of the Industrial Development Board were: Algeria, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Chile, China, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lesotho, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Luxembourg, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Venezuela.
The program and budget committee is composed of 27 members elected for two-year terms. Member states meet once a year to assist the board in the preparation and examination of the work program, budget, and other financial matters.
As of 7 December 2001 the members were: Angola, Argentina, Austria, China, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Venezuela.
The Director-General of UNIDO, elected by the General Conference on 5 December 1997 for a four-year term was Carlos Alfredo Magariños of Argentina. He was reappointed in December 2001 for a further four years.
Prior to its conversion into a specialized agency, UNIDO was headed by an executive director appointed by the Secretary-General of the UN. The first two executive directors were Ibrahim Helmi Abdel-Rahman (1967–74) and Abd-El Rahman Khane (1975–85). Domingo L. Siazo, Jr., of the Philippines was the first Director General of UNIDO when it became a specialized agency in 1985. He served as Director General from 1985 to 1993, when he was succeeded by Mauricio de Maria y Campos of Mexico (to 1997).
As of May 2002, UNIDO had a professional staff of 545 at its Vienna headquarters, including engineers, economists, and technology and environment specialists, and 105 in the field.
UNIDO is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. It maintains liaison offices at UN headquarters in New York and at the UN office in Geneva. It also operates a "focal point" office, in the United Kingdom. UNIDO maintains 35 field offices worldwide. UNIDO operates Investment Promotion Units (IPUs) in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia and Uganda, and UNIDO desks in India and Vietnam all of which are financed by the Italian government. It also has 19 National Cleaner Production Centers (NCPCs), established by UNIDO and UNEP, and International Technology Centres in Australia, Brazil, India, Italy and the Russian Federation.