As of 2002, there were 22,510 km (13,988 mi) of railway, all 1.5 m gauge. Highways in 2002 totaled 273,700 km (170,077 mi), of which 236,400 km (146,899 mi) are hard-surfaced, including 1,770 km (1,100 mi) of expressways.
The main marine ports are Berdyans'k, Illichivs'k, Kerch, Kherson, Mariupol', Mykolayiv, Odesa, and Sevastopol'. The merchant marine fleet had 138 ships (1,000 GRT or over) for a total capacity of 669,303 GRT (707,857 DWT) in 2002. There are 4,499 km (2,796 mi) of inland waterways. The Dnipro River is the primary inland waterway, but the Danube, western Pivd Buh, Pryp'yat', and Desna are also used for import-export traffic.
Ukraine had 718 airports in 2001, of which 114 had paved runways. The largest airports are in Kiev, Kharkiv, Donetsk, Odesa, and Simferopol'. In 2001, 995,500 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.