Kiev, Ukraine's major cultural center, is known for its beautiful churches and golden-domed cathedrals, although much of its classic architecture was destroyed or obscured by Communist planners in the 1930s. The cathedral of St. Sophia, built in the 11th century, is one of the finest examples of Russo-Byzantine architecture. Another major tourist attraction is the Golden Gate, an 11th century fortification restored in 1982. Lviv (formerly Lvov) offers architectural sights ranging from late-13th-century Russian to 16th-century Gothic structures.
In 2000, there were 4,405,746 tourist arrivals. The previous year, tourism receipts totaled $2.1 billion. Also in 1999, there were 166,254 beds available in hotels and similar establishments, with an occupancy rate of 22%.
According to 2002 estimates from the US government, the cost of staying in Kiev is about $262 per day.