According to the 2002 census, there were 777,772 dwelling units within 463,029 buildings. About 80% of residential buildings were detached houses. About 94,635 dwellings had been built since 1991. About 52% of all dwellings were in urban areas. The average household had 2.8 people.
Since the 1991 Housing Act, the State is no longer directly responsible for housing provisions. Municipalities have responsibility for social housing projects. The State does, however, offer subsidized loans for the constuction of individual private homes and non-profit rental housing.