Russia - Migration

During 1979–88, Russia gained 1,747,040 people through net migration from other Soviet republics. Germany took in 156,299 former Soviet Germans in 1991. As of May, 1996, there were still 75,000 internally displaced persons from the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Following the military conflicts in Chechnya of 1994, 220,000 people fled to the neighboring republics of Daghestan, Ingushetia, and North Ossetia. Between 1989–95, 169,000 Russians returned from Azerbaijan, and 296,000 returned from Kyrgystan. Between 1991–95, 50,000 Russians returned from Belarus; 614,000 returned from Kazakstan; and 300,000 from Tajikistan. In 1991 400,000 returned from Uzbekistan, and 100,000 returned from Turkmenistan from 1993–95. As of May, 1996, there were an estimated 250,000 trafficked migrants from Asia (mainly from China and Sri Lanka) waiting for traffickers to arrange their travel to the United States from Russia. As of 1999, there were 400 refugees, 10,000 asylum-seekers, 173,000 internally displaced people (mainly from Chechnya and Ingushetia), and an estimated 3.5 to 4 million forced migrants. In 1999 the net migration rate was 2.05 migrants per 1,000 population.

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