Russia - Foreign trade



Principal exports have traditionally been oil (accounting for about 33% of earnings), gas, minerals, military equipment and weapons, gold, shipping, and transport services. Principal imports include machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, grain, sugar, and semi-finished metal products.

In 2000 the Russian Federation's imports were distributed among the following categories:

Russia

Consumer goods 7.8%
Food 12.8%
Fuels 3.3%
Industrial supplies 22.1%
Machinery 14.9%
Transportation 3.8%
Other 35.3%

Imports and exports to principal trading partners in 2000 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:

Russia

COUNTRY EXPORTS IMPORTS BALANCE
Germany 9,231 3,896 5,335
Italy 7,255 1,211 6,044
Belarus 5,535 3,764 1,771
China (inc. Hong Kong) 5,235 949 4,286
Ukraine 5,025 3,650 1,375
United Kingdom 4,669 861 3,808
United States 4,648 2,703 1,945
Netherlands 4,341 739 3,602
Switzerland 3,976 280 3,696
Kazakhstan 2,247 2,200 47

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