Principal exports have traditionally been oil (accounting for about 33% of earnings), gas, minerals, military equipment and weapons, gold, shipping, and transport services. Principal imports include machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, grain, sugar, and semi-finished metal products.
In 2000 the Russian Federation's imports were distributed among the following categories:
Imports and exports to principal trading partners in 2000 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows:
|China (inc. Hong Kong)||5,235||949||4,286|