Netherlands - Media

The post office, telegraph, and telephone systems are operated by the government. The state's monopoly on postal services is confined to delivery of letters and postcards; about half of other deliveries are handled by private firms. In 1977, postal codes were introduced for addresses as part of a postal modernization program. As of 1999 there were 9.1 million main line telephones and 4 million mobile cellular phones in use. Significant improvements in the phone systems began in 2001 through the introduction of the third generation of the Global System for Mobile Communications.

There are several radio networks. The Netherlands Broadcasting Foundation, a joint foundation, maintains and makes available all studios, technical equipment, record and music libraries, orchestras, and other facilities. Broadcasting to other countries is carried on by the Netherlands World Broadcasting Service, which is managed by a board of governors appointed by the minister of cultural affairs. As of 1998 there are 4 AM and 58 FM stations. There were also about 21 television stations. Shortwave programs are transmitted in Dutch, Afrikaans, Arabic, English, French, Indonesian, Portuguese, and Spanish. Annual license fees are charged to radio and television set owners. Commercial advertising was introduced in 1967–68 and limited to fixed times before and after news broadcasts. In 2000, there were about 980 radios and 538 televisions for every 1,000 people. The same year, there were about 394 personal computers for every 1,000 people. About 52 Internet service providers served 8.7 million customers in 2001.

The Dutch were among the first to issue regular daily newspapers. The oldest newspaper, the Oprechte Haarlemsche Courant, was founded in 1656 and is published today as the Haarlemsche Courant. The Dutch press is largely a subscription press, depending for two-thirds of its income on advertising. Editorial boards, however, are usually completely independent of the commercial management.

In 2002, the largest national and regional newspapers, with daily circulations, were:


De Telegraaf Amsterdam 805,000
Algemeen Dagblad Rotterdam 401,200
De Volkskrant Amsterdam 372,100
Brabants Dagblad North Brabant 296,600
NRC Handelsblad Rotterdam 272,300
Drents Groningse Dagbladen Assen 209,000
De Gelderlander Gelderland 190,000
Het Binnenhof The Hague 172,550
De Stem Breda 154,620
Noordhollands Dagblad Alkmaar 154,300
Het Vrue Volk Rotterdam 153,600
Dagblad Tubantia Enschede 152,600
Haagsche Courant The Hague 148,000
Utrechts Nieuwsblad Utrecht 145,300
Die Limburger Maastricht 144,746
Nieuwsblad van het Noorden Groningen 135,000
Trouw Amsterdam 121,600

Complete freedom of speech and press is guaranteed by the constitution, and the government is said to fully support free expression in practice.

As of 1996, there were more than three million personal computers; in 1998 there were 328 Internet hosts per 1,000 population.

User Contributions:

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: