The Moldovan Academy of Sciences, founded in 1961, has sections of physico-mathematical sciences, biological and chemical sciences, technical sciences, agricultural sciences, and medical sciences, and 14 research institutes concerned with the natural sciences. Four scientific institutes conduct medical and agricultural research. Moldovan State University, founded in 1945, has faculties of physics, mathematics and cybernetics, chemistry, biology, and soil science. The Technical University of Moldova, founded in 1964, and the Chis¸inau Medical Institute and State Agricultural University of Moldova, founded in 1932, are located in Chis¸inau. M.V. Frunze Agricultural Institute is another educational institution in the sciences. In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 52% of university enrollment. In the same period, there were 330 scientists and 1,641 technicians per million people engaged in research and development.