Malta has no railways. In 2002, there were 1,742 km (1,083 mi) of roadways, of which 1,677 km (1,042 mi) were paved. Passenger cars in 2000 totaled 189,123; taxis, trucks, and buses, 44,290. Ferry and hydrofoil services connect Malta and Gozo.
The harbors of Valletta, among the finest in the Mediterranean, are a port of call for many lines connecting northwestern Europe and the Middle and Far East. Roughly 3,000 ships dock at Valletta each year. As of 2001, 1,323 vessels totaling 27,208,819 GRT (44,617,877 DWT) were registered in Malta (a flag of convenience registry with ships from 49 countries). There was one airport in 2001, the principal airport at Luqa. A new terminal is designed to handle 2.2 million passengers per year (or 2,000 at any given moment). The national air carrier is Malta Airlines. In 2001, 1,405,200 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights.