Lithuania depends heavily on trade, particularly with other republics of the former Soviet Union. In 2000, total imports were valued at $5.5 billion, and exports at $3.8 billion. In the mid-to-late 1990s, Lithuania was trading more with Western nations, and reducing its reliance on trade with former Soviet republics. Trade with the West increased from 15% to 60% between 1990 and 1995, while trade with former Soviet republics fell from 78% in 1990 to 40% in 1995. Since Lithuania's independence in 1990, growing disruptions in trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics have resulted in a steep decline in import volumes and numerous domestic shortages.
Refined petroleum products make up Lithuania's most beneficial export commodity (18%), followed by fertilizers(5.1%) and furniture (3.5%). Other export commodities include wood (2.9%), transistors (3.3%), and automobiles (2.7%).
In 2000 Lithuania's imports were distributed among the following categories:
Principal trading partners in 2000 (in millions of US dollars) were as follows: