The population of Hungary in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 9,877,000, which placed it as number 81 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 15% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 17% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 91 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is -0.46%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 9,324,000. The population density in 2002 was 109 per sq km (282 per sq mi).
Since the early 1950s, there has been a fundamental shift of the population from rural to urban areas. It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 64% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Budapest, had a population of 1,836,000 in that year. Other urban areas include: Debrecen, 216,137; Miskolc, 192,355; Szeged, 177,679; Pécs, 170,542; Nyíregyháza, 114,955; Székesfehérvár, 111,478; and Kecskemét, 104,563. The urban growth rate has substantially slowed in recent years.