About 15% of Georgia's total land area was considered arable in 1998. Since independence in April 1991, Georgian agriculture has become much more associated with the private sector; more than 60% of agricultural land is now privately owned. In 2001, agriculture accounted for an estimated 21% of GDP.
During the Soviet era, Georgia produced almost the entire citrus and tea crop and most of the grape crop for the entire Soviet Union. In 1999, production levels (in thousands of tons) included cereal grain, 766; tea, 60; vegetables and melons, 591; and grapes, 230.