The new government exercises fiscal responsibility characterized by a strictly balanced budget. No transfers or preferential credits are given to public enterprises, and governmental borrowing from the central bank is forbidden. In January 1996 Estonia instituted a centralized treasury system for managing the government's budget.
The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates that in 2002 Estonia's central government took in revenues of approximately $1.9 billion and had expenditures of $1.9 billion. External debt totaled $3.3 billion.
The following table shows an itemized breakdown of government revenues and expenditures. The percentages were calculated from data reported by the International Monetary Fund. The dollar amounts (millions) are based on the CIA estimates provided above.
|REVENUE AND GRANTS||100.0%||1,890|
|General public services||7.8%||147|
|Public order and safety||7.2%||135|
|Recreation, cultural, and religious affairs||4.0%||75|
|Economic affairs and services||9.5%||179|