The Czech Academy of Science has divisions of Life and Chemical Sciences, Mathematics, and Physical and Earth Sciences, and 43 attached medical, scientific, and technical research institutes. In addition, there are 28 specialized agricultural, medical, scientific, and technical learned societies. There are technology museums in Brno, Mladá Boleslav, and Prague, and the latter also has a natural history museum. The Czech Republic has 13 universities offering degrees in medicine, natural sciences, mathematics, engineering, and agriculture. In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 28% of university enrollment.
In 1987–97, total expenditures for research and development amounted to 1.2% of GNP; 1,222 scientists and engineers and 693 technicians per million people were engaged in research and development.