Czech Republic - Media

As of 2000, there were 3.8 million main line and 4.3 million mobile cellular phones in use. Privatization and modernization of the telecommunication system was advancing steadily. In 1995 the waiting time for new telephone service was from five to ten years, but after a Kc130 billion investment for a system upgrade, waiting time was down to only about two months by 2000. Also in 2000, there were 31 AM and 304 FM radio stations and 150 television stations. The Czech Republic had 803 radios and 508 television sets per 1,000 people the same year. There were about 93 cable subscribers for every 1,000 people. There were about 122 personal computers per 1,000 people and more than 300 Internet service providers serving about 1.1 million people.

The following table lists major newspapers, their publishers, and estimated 2002 circulations:

Czech Republic

Blesk NA 420,000
Hospodarske Noviny NA 130,000
Mladá Fronta Socialist Union of Youth 350,000
Moravskoslezsky Den NA 130,000
Obansky Denikof NA 109,000
Práce Revolutionary Trade Union Movement 220,600
Rudé Právo Communist Party 350,000
Svobodné Slovo Socialist Party 230,000
Svoboda NA 100,000
Vecernik Praha NA 130,000

Formerly, the Communist Party and the government controlled all publishing. Formal censorship, via the government's Office for Press and Information, was lifted for three months during the Prague Spring of 1968, but prevailed after that time until the late 1980s. As of 1999, the government was said to fully uphold the legally provided freedoms of free speech and a free press.

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