A charter member of the UN since 24 October 1945, Czechoslovakia participated in ECE and all the nonregional specialized agencies except IBRD, IDA, IFAD, IFC, and IMF. It was also a signatory of GATT and of the Law of the Sea, and a member of the CMEA, which coordinated economic planning within the Communist bloc. The Czech Republic became a member of the UN on 8 January 1993, and was admitted to NATO on 12 March 1999. It is also a member of the OECD, CEI, ECE, CERN, OSCE, EBRD, IBRD, IDA, IFC, IMF, WTO, and other groups.
The country was formally invited to join the EU during its 12– 13 December 2002 summit in Copenhagen, and is expected to accede to that body in 2004.