As of 2001, total installed electrical capacity was 3.9 million kW. Net generation in 2000 amounted to 2.6 billion kWh, of which 62.3% was hydroelectric and 37.7% was produced by conventional thermal plants. Electrical generation was irregular during the civil conflict of the early to mid-1990s. Total electricity consumption in 2000 was 2.6 billion kWh.
Brown coal and lignite mines are located around Tuzla. Coal production is consumed primarily by the country's thermal electric power stations. A petroleum refinery at Bosanski Brod reportedly had an annual capacity of 100 million tons in 1995, and depends entirely on imports; however, the refinery was extensively damaged in April 1993 during local fighting.